Article 9218

Title of the article



Salomatin Aleksey Yur'evich, Doctor of historical sciences, doctor of juridical sciences, professor, head of the department of state theory and law and political science, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia); corresponding member of the International academy of comparative law, head of the Center of Comparative Legal Policy of a regional branch of the Russian
Association of European Research,
Koryakina Angelina Sergeevna, Master’s degree student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), 

Index UDK





Background. This article is devoted to the role of the parties in a federative state, Federative Republic of Germany being as an example. Form of state determines to some extent the structure and activities of the parties but simultaneously parties influence
the life of state (especially a federative one which has an extremely delicate balance of power.
Materials and methods. The authors pay primary attention at the activity of German parties and their ideology at different stages of history. They claim that after the Second World War there had not been regional parties in Germany (expect Christian Social Union). Applying method of comparison and electoral statistics they study German Federative state from the point of its stability and state creativity.
Results. German State was very stable with its two and a half party system in 1940–1980’s. Unification of Germany in 1990 has accelerated the transition to a moderate multy-party system. Nevertheless German party have managed to make three federative reforms (in 1994, 2006, 2009) to simplify the decision – making and to optimize financial relations in the federation. But starting with appearance of the Alternativefor Germany movement in 2013 and deep immigration crisis in 2014–2015 traditional party system with two large ruling parties has lost its stability.
Much depends upon behavior the grand coalition formed in March 2018 after parliamentary elections of September 2017. It is necessary for it to pursue more flexible policy concerning immigrants.
Conclusions. As we have seen, Germany has not regional parties as in Canada dangerous for the stability of the federation. Even the Alternative for Germany in spite of its strong radical language is not a separatist party. But German ruling elites must keep in mind that difference in the social and economic level of lands and interests of population is growing not only between western and eastern parts of the country but also between northern and southern ones. Under these circumstances careful policy of cooperation parties is needed. 

Key words

German Political parties, German Federalism, state stability, constitutional reforms, alternative for Germany party, German Parliamentary Elections 

 Download PDF

1. Tishkov V. A., Koshelev L. V. Istoriya Kanady [The history of Canada]. Moscow, 1982, pp. 136, 141, 143, 144.
2. Melkumov A. A. Kanadskiy federalizm: teoriya i praktika [Federalism of Canada: theory and practice]. Moscow, 1998, p. 63.
3. Salomatin A. Yu., Nakvakina E. V. Problemy federativnykh otnosheniy v stranakh Evropy [Problems of federal relations in Europe]. Penza, 2017, pp. 37–42.
4. Available at:'nyy_soyuz (accessed Apr. 25, 2018).
5. Katzenstein P. J. Governance in Contemporary Germany. Cambridge, 2005, p. 294.
6. Leksin I. V. Gosudarstvennoe ustroystvo federatsiy v sostave Evropeyskogo Soyuza [State structures of federations within the European Union]. Moscow, 2014, p. 126.
7. Isaev B. A. Istoriya partiy i partiynoy sistemy. Chast' 2. Istoriya partiynykh sistem: uchebnik i praktikum [The history of the party and the party system. Part 2. The history of party systems: textbook and practical work]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Yurayt, 2016,
pp. 195, 196.
8. Patrushev I. A. Germaniya v XX veke [Germany in XX century]. Moscow, 2004, p. 402.
9. Germaniya. Vyzovy 21 veka [Germany. Challenges of 21st century]. Ed. by V. B. Belov. Moscow, 2009, pp. 105, 106.
10. Geymbukh N. G. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo [Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Law]. 2015, no. 1 (15), p. 56.
11. Kazak (Novoselova-Chursina) E. S. Konstitutsionnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo [Constitutional and municipal law]. 2011, no. 9, p. 75.
12. Heckel M. Form of Federations. 2006, vol. 5, no. 3 (October/November), p. 3.
13. Bundesgesetzblatt [Federal Law Journal]. 2006, no. 41, part I, p. 2034. Available at:
14. Timoshenkova E. P. Transformatsiya partiyno-politicheskogo landshafta v stranakh Evrosoyuza v usloviyakh krizisa. Ch. 1. [Transformation of the party-political landscape in the countries of the European Union during the crisis. Part 1]. Moscow, 2017, 142 p.
15. Strelets M. V., Morozova N. N. Sovremennaya Evropa [Modern Europe]. 2014, no. 3, pp. 84–86.
16. Gribovskiy V. Sovremennaya Evropa [Modern Europe]. 2017, no. 1, pp. 48, 49.
17. Gulyakov A. D. Sud'ba Evrosoyuza i uroki dlya Rossii: monografiya [The fate of the European Union and lessons for Russia: monograph]. Penza, 2018, p. 43.
18. Available at:,_Andrea (accessed Apr. 24, 2018).
19. The Economist. 2017, 19th–25th Aug., pp. 17, 18.
20. Berliner Zeitung [Berlin newspaper]. 2016, 14 March.
21. Nocun K. Wiesozialist die AFD wirklich? Eine Expertise zu Positionen in der AfD bei der Sozial – und Steuerpolitik 2016 [Are members of the party “Alternative for Germany” socialists? An expertise on positions in the “Alternative for Germany” party in social
and tax policy 2016]. Available at:
22. Süddeutsche Zeitung [Southgerman newspaper]. 2016, 15 March.


Дата создания: 14.01.2019 14:58
Дата обновления: 18.01.2019 09:29